Age related macular degeneration, also known as AMD, is the deterioration of the center of the retina called the macula. The macula is the part of the retina which is responsible for our central vision, and our ability to see fine detail and color when looking directly at an object. Age related macular degeneration or AMD is the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 55. At first, there is little or no vision loss. As the disease progresses, your vision can become blurred or distorted in the center of the vision. AMD does not cause total blindness, because side vision is not affected. Regular check-ups leading to early diagnosis remain as your best chance of prevention of this dreaded eye disease. Lifestyle changes and diet can also play a role in reducing the risk of AMD.